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Genevra Kornbluth.
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February 7, 2024

Historical Archive: Croziers and Shepherds' crooks

Representations follow surviving examples.


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ivory crozier head, St. Nicholas birth, refusal to nurse; c.1150-70, V&A 218-1865. For other views see V&A.
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Crozier head with eagle of St. John, ivory, Italian 13th c., WAM 71.300. For oblique view see Walters.
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walrus ivory crozier, with Augustine holding crozier, Norway, late 14th c., V&A A.1-2002. This work has its own page.
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crozier with Jonah, Hildegard Domizlaff 1953, silvered bronze/ivory/ebony, DMP G.3.146. For view with staff see DMP.
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Gemini; wolf w Romulus, Remus: marble sarcophagus side 240-250 CE, Vat 916
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seasons sarcophagus with menorah, marble, c.250-350, Rome MNR 67611, which has its own page
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Junius Bassus sarcophagus, c.359, marble, Vat Tesoro 31529.3.1-3, which has its own page
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shepherd's crook: Shepherd sarcophagus from Catacomb of Praetextatus (Three Shepherds Sarcophagus; Christian?), marble c.370-400, Vat 31554 (ex 191A). This work has its own page.
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right: life of Dionysus, ivory pyxis, 5th c., Bologna pcr 12, which has its own page
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Infancy/Miracle ivory, c.400-435, SMBByz 2719, which has its own page
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John the Baptist: Arian Baptistry, Ravenna, late 5th to early 6th c. This work has its own page.
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shepherds' crooks: Cathedra of Maximian, ivory, 546-56, RavArchMus, which has its own page with more crooks
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Gellone Sacramentary, c.780-800, BN Lat 12048, which has its own page
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male figure with cross, bone, 9th-11th c. Byzantine Egypt, KM 1966.01.0102
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Baptism of Christ obverse, crystal intaglio, c.855-69, Rouen Musée Départemental des Antiquités 473. This object has its own page.
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Basel antependium, gold and gems on wood, early 11th c., Cluny Cl. 2350. This work has its own page.
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shepherd's crook: Nativity ivory, Venice?, 12th/13th c.; on reliquary icon, frame silver gilt on wood, Constantinople 11th/12th c.; conversion to reliquary with horn 14th/15th-c. Germany. Louvre OA 11399. This work has its own page.
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Frøslev reliquary, copper/enamel, c.1100-50, NMD D751, which has its own page
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portable altar of Henry II of Werl, Roger of Helmarshausen c.1105 or 1120-27, DMP DS2, which has its own page with another crozier
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denarius of Bolesław III Wrymouth (Krzywousty): St. Adalbert of Prague, Krakow 1133, MNW 115856
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denarius of Bolesław III Wrymouth (Krzywousty): Bolesław with St. Adalbert of Prague, Krakow 1135, MNW 115854
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capital with bishop, Saint-Denis basilica crypt, 1140-44, which has its own page with contiguous face of capital.
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Head Reliquary of Pope Alexander; silver gilt with enamel and gems over wood core, c.1145, MRAH 1031. This work has its own page.
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Gunhild cross, walrus ivory, c.1150-75, NMD 9087, which has its own page
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Novgorod cathedral doors, bronze, prob. 1152-54. The doors have their own page with another crozier.
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Thomas Becket reliquary, Limoges c.1180-90, V&A M.66-1997. This work has its own page.
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reliquary of Thomas Becket, copper alloy/enamel, Limoges c.1190-1200, Cluny Cl. 23296 For full work see Cluny.
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left: stucco choir screen c.1193, St. Michael's, Hildesheim, which has its own pages, restored crozier on Bernhard effigy
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Saint Servatius, 13th c. portal with 19th c. polychrome, St. Servatius' church, Maastricht. For contiguous images see Servatius.
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Thomas Becket reliquary, copper/enamel, c.1200-1210, SF. For oblique view see SF.
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reliquary of Thomas Becket, copper alloy/enamel, Limoges c.1200-25, Cluny Cl. 22596. For full work see Cluny.
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soapstone baptismal font fr. Os, Hordaland, 1225-50, Bergen MA 37. For other views see Bergen.
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font, copper alloy c.1226, Hildesheim Cathedral. This work has its own page with another crozier.
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Thomas Becket ampulla, mid 13th c., lead alloy, MoL TL74[2532]<1671>
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Naumburg cathedral west choir windows, c.1245-60, which have their own page with many croziers
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Madonna di Montelungo, Margarito/Margaritone d'Arezzo, tempera/panel c. 1250-1300, Arezzo MS, which has its own page
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Thomas Becket returning from exile, stone badge mold, 14th c., BM 1890,1002.1. For related badge see BM.
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Sion Cathedral, Virgin and child with donors and saintly bishops, 14th-15th c., much retouched. For full portal see Sion cathedral.
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Nedstryn altar frontal, painted pine 1300-25, Bergen MA 1, which has its own page
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seal of the Order of Cîteaux (modern cast), c.1300-50, AN B1540
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seal of the Order of Cîteaux (modern cast), c.1300-50, AN B1540
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Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux, Jean Pucelle c.1324-28, Met 54.1.2, which has its own page with more crooks.
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Life of St. Martin of Tours, embroidered altar frontal, 2nd half of 14th c., MRAH. This work has its own page.
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St. Ambrose: Cappella Strozzi di Mantova, Florence, Nardo di Cione 1354-57, which has its own page
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panel paintings c.1360-64, Karlstejn Castle, Chapel of the Holy Cross, which has its own page with more croziers
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Arca di Sant' Agostino, 1362-aft. 1409, San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro, Pavia. This work has its own page.
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dome: Baptistery, cathedral of Padua, 1376 frescoes: Giusto de' Menabuoi. This work has its own pages.
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St. Bernward of Hildesheim with Cistercian nun, paper, Wienhausen, c.1450-1500, WienMus
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Guillaume III de Rarogne (Bishop Guillaume VI of Sion) 1451, Sion, Valère basilica, which has its own interior page with more views
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Giovanni di Paolo 1453, St. Nicholas polyptych, SPN inv. 173, which has its own page with another crozier
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St. Bonaventure, painting dated 1624, spandrel of north arcade, Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna. This monument has its own page.
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Giuseppe Bartolini 1704, St. Cassian blesses Imola, oil/canvas, Imola
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Naumburg cathedral west choir windows, 1870s, which have their own page with more croziers
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Ferdinand Hartzer 1893, bronze St. Bernward, seen from vestibule of North Paradise, Cathedral, Hildesheim, which has its own pages
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St. Bernward, crypt altar mosaic 1906, St. Michael's, Hildesheim, which has its own pages